This is a working bibliography of translingual research predominantly in rhetoric and composition and, initially created for WPAs. I will continue to update this bibliography, but please feel free to point to any missing sources by using contributing.

You can also find a bibliography (managed by Bruce Horner) at

Bou Ayash, Nancy. "Conditions of (Im)Possibility: Postmonolingual Language Representations in Academic Literacies." College English, vol. 78, no. 6, 2016, pp. 555-77.

Canagarajah, Suresh. "ESL Composition as a Literate Art of the Contact Zone." First-Year Composition: From Theory to Practice, edited by Deborah Coxwell-Teague and Ronald F. Lunsford, Parlor Press, 2014, pp. 27-48.

---. “Negotiating Translingual Literacy: An Enactment.” Research in the Teaching of English, vol. 48, no. 1, 2013, pp. 40-67.

---. “Translingual Writing and Teacher Development in Composition.” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 265-273.

---. Translingual Practice: Global Englishes and Cosmopolitan Relations. Routledge, 2013.

---. “The Place of World Englishes in Composition: Pluralization Continued.” College Composition and Communication, vol. 57, no. 4, 2006, pp. 586-619.

Cushman, Ellen. “Learning from the Cherokee Syllabary.” JAC, vol. 32, no. 3-4, 2012, pp. 541-64.

---. “Translingual and Decolonial Approaches to Meaning Making.” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 234-242.

Dryer, Dylan B. “Appraising Translingualism.” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 274-283.

Flores, Nelson. “The unexamined relationship between neoliberalism and plurilingualism: A cautionary tale.”  TESOL Quarterly, vol. 47, no. 3, 2013, pp. 500–520.

Friedrich, Patricia, “Assessing the Needs of Linguistically Diverse First-Year Students: Bringing Together and Telling Apart International ESL, Resident ESL, and Monolingual Basic Writers.” WPA: Writing Program Administration, vol. 30, no. 1-2, 2006, pp. 15-35.

Gilyard, Keith. “The Rhetoric of Translingualism,” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 284-289.

Guerra, Juan C. “Cultivating a Rhetorical Sensibility in the Translingual Writing Classroom,” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 228-233.

Horner, Bruce, editor.  Crossing Divides: Exploring Translingual Writing Pedagogies and Programs.  Logan: Utah State UP, 2017.

--- Cynthia Selfe, and Tim Lockridge. “Translinguality, Transmodality, and Difference: Exploring Dispositions and Change in Language and Learning.”Intermezzo, vol. 1, 2015, pp. 1-46.

--- and Laura Tetrault. “Translation as (Global) Writing.” Composition Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, 2016, pp. 13-30.

--- and John Trimbur. “English Only and U.S. College Composition,” College Composition and Communication, vol. 53, no. 4, 2002, pp. 594-630

---; Min-Zhan Lu, John Trimbur; Jacqueline Jones Royster, “Language Difference in Writing: Toward a Translingual Approach,” College English, vol. 73, no. 3, 2011, pp. 299-317.

Jordan, Jay. “Material Translingual Ecologies.” College English, vol. 77, no. 4, 2015, pp. 364-82.

---. Redesigning Composition for Multilingual Realities. NCTE, 2012.

Kiernan, Julia. “Multimodal and Translingual Composing Practices: A Culturally Based Needs Assessment Of Second Language Learners.” Journal of Global Literacies, Technologies, and Emerging Pedagogies, vol. 3, no. 1, 2015, pp. 302-321.

Kiernan, Julia, Joyce Meier, and Xiqiao Wang. “Negotiating Languages and Cultures: Enacting Translingualism through a Translation Assignment.” Composition Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, 2016, pp. 89-107.

Kilfoil. Carrie Byars. “Beyond the “Foreign” Language Requirement: From a Monolingual to a Translingual Ideology in Rhetoric and Composition Graduate Education.” Rhetoric Review, vol. 34, no. 4, 2015, pp. 426-44.

---.  “The Linguistic Memory of Composition and the Rhetoric and Composition PhD: Forgetting (and Remembering) Language and Language Difference in Doctoral Curricula.”  Composition Studies 45.2 (2017): 130-50.

Kubota, “The Multi/Plural Turn, Postcolonial Theory, and Neoliberal Multiculturalism,” Applied Linguistics 37.4 (2016): 474-94.

Lee, Jerry Won. “Beyond Translingual Writing,” College English, vol. 79, no. 2, 2016, pp. 174-195.

---. The Politics of Translingualism: After Englishes. Routledge, 2017.

Lu, Min-Zhan. “An Essay on the Work of Composition: Composing English Against the Order of Fast Capitalism,” College Composition and Communication, vol. 56, no. 1, 2004, pp. 16-50.

---.  “Metaphors Matter: Transcultural Literacy.”  JAC 29.1-2 (2009): 285-93.

--- and Bruce Horner. “Introduction: Translingual Work.” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 207-218.

---. “Professing Multiculturalism: The Politics of Style in The Contact Zone.” College Composition and Communication, vol. 45, no. 4, 1994, pp. 442-458.

Matsuda, Paul Kei. “The Lure of Translingual Writing.” PMLA, vol. 129, no. 3, 2014, pp. 478-483.

---. “The Myth of Linguistic Homogeneity in U.S. College Composition.” College English, vol. 68, no. 6, 2006, pp. 637-651.

"Philosophy and Aims." Northeastern University Writing Program. Northeastern University, 2011, Accessed 22 March 2017.

Preto-Bay, Ana Maria and Kristine Hansen, “Preparing for the Tipping Point: Designing Writing Programs to Meet the Needs of the Changing Population,” WPA: Writing Program Administration, vol. 30, no. 1-2, 2006, pp. 37-57.

Shapiro, Shawna; Michelle Cox, Gail Shuck, and Emily Simnitt. “Teaching for Agency: From Appreciating Linguistic Diversity to Empowering Student Writers.” Composition Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, 2016, pp. 31-52.

Shipka, Jody. “Transmodality in/and Processes of Making.” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 250-57.

Shuck, Gail. “Combating Monolingualism: A Novice Administrator's Challenge,” WPA: Writing Program Administration, vol. 30, no. 1-2, 2006, pp. 59-82.

Trimbur, John. “Translingualism and Close Reading.” College English, vol. 78, no. 3, 2016, pp. 219-227.

Vance, John. “Code-Meshing Meshed Codes: Some Complications and Possibilities.”JAC 29.1–2 (2009): 281–84.

Zenger, Amy. “Localizing Transnational Composition Research and Program Design,” Composition Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, 2016, pp. 141-143.

Selected Bibliography from “Language Difference in Writing: Toward a Translingual Approach”

Agnihotri, Rama Kant. “Towards a Pedagogical Paradigm Rooted in Multilinguality.” International Multilingual Research Journal 1.2 (2007): 79–88. Print.

Alptekin, Cem. “Towards Intercultural Communicative Competence in ELT.” ELT Journal 56.1 (Jan. 2002): 57–64. Print.

Bamgbose, Ayo. “Torn between the Norms: Innovations in World Englishes.” World Englishes 17.1 (1998): 1–14. Print.

Bean, Janet, et al. “Should We Invite Students to Write in Home Languages? Complicating the Yes/No Debate.” Composition Studies 31.1 (2003): 25–42. Print.

Bernabé, Jean, Patrick Chamoiseau, and Raphaël Confiant. Éloge de la créolité. Trans. M. B. Taleb-Khyar.

Paris: Gallimard, 1989; Baltimore, Johns Hopkins UP, 1990. Print.

Bex, Tony, and Richard J. Watts, eds. Standard English: The Widening Debate. London: Routledge, 1999. Print.

Bourdieu, Pierre. Language and Symbolic Power. Ed. John B. Thompson. Trans. Gino Raymond and Mat- thew Adamson. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1991.  Print.

Brandt, Deborah. Literacy in American Lives. New York: Cambridge UP, 2001. Print.

Bruch, Patrick, and Richard Marback, eds. The Hope and the Legacy: The Past, Present, and Future of “Stu- dents’ Right to Their Own Language.” Cresskill: Hampton, 2004. Print.

Brutt-Griffler, Janina. World English: A Study of Its Development. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 2002. Print.

Canagarajah, A. Suresh. “Lingua Franca English, Multilingual Communities, and Language Acquisition.” Modern Language Journal 91.5 (2007): 923–39. Print.

---. “Multilingual Writers and the Academic Community: Towards a Critical Relationship.” Journal    of English for Academic Purposes 1.1 (2002): 29–44. Print.

---. “The Place of World Englishes in Composition: Pluralization Continued.” CCC 57.4 (2006): 586–619. Print.

Conference on College Composition and Communication. CCCC Guideline on the National Language Policy. National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 1988; updated 1992. Web. 19 Aug. 2008.

---.CCCC Statement on Second Language Writing and Writers. National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 2001; revised Nov. 2009. Web. 9 Dec.  2009.

---.Conference on College Composition and Communication Language Policy Committee, National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, [2006]. Web. 16 June 2010.

---.Students’ Right to Their Own Language. National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 1974. Web. 31 Aug. 2009.

Confiant, Raphaël. “Créolité et francophonie: Un éloge de la diversalité.” Web. 30 Sept. 2007.

Cope, Bill, and Mary Kalantzis, eds. Multiliteracies: Literacy Learning and the Design of Social Futures. London: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Coupland, Nikolas. Review article. “Sociolinguistic Prevarication about ‘Standard English.’” Journal of Sociolinguistics 4.4 (2000): 622–34. Print.

Crawford, James. Hold Your Tongue: Bilingualism and the Politics of “English Only.” Reading: Addison- Wesley,  1992.  Print.

Cronin, Michael. Translation and Globalization. London: Routledge, 2003. Print.

Crystal, David. English as a Global Language. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.

DeBose, Charles. “The Ebonics Phenomenon, Language Planning, and the Hegemony of Standard English.” Talkin Black Talk: Language, Education, and Social Change. Ed. H. Samy Alim and John Baugh. New York: Teachers College P, 2007. 30–42. Print.

Dubin, Fraida. “Situating Literacy within Traditions of Communicative Competence.” Applied Linguistics 10.2 (1989): 171–81. Print.

English  Plus  Movement.  “Statement  of  Purpose  and  Core  Beliefs.”  Intercultural EnglishPlus Information Clearinghouse. 1987. Web. 16 June 2010.

Fairclough, Norman. Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London: Longman, 1995. Print.

Fox, Tom. Defending Access: A Critique of Standards in Higher Education. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook Heinemann,   1999.  Print.

Gal, Susan, and Judith T. Irvine. “Disciplinary Boundaries and Language Ideology: The Semiotics of Differentiation.” Social Research 62.4 (1995): 967–1001. Print.

García, Ofelia. Bilingual Education in the 21st Century: A Global Perspective. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. Print.

Gentil, Guillaume. “Commitments to Academic Biliteracy: Case Studies of Francophone University Writers.” Written Communication 22.4 (2005): 421–71. Print.

Gilyard, Keith. Voices of the Self: A Study of Language Competence. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1991. Print.

Grosjean, François. “The Bilingual as a Competent but Specific Speaker-Hearer.” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 6.6 (1985): 467–77. Print.

Guerra, Juan C. “Cultivating Transcultural Citizenship: A Writing across Communities Model.” Language Arts 85.4 (2008): 296–304. Print.

Harklau, Linda, Kay M. Losey, and Meryl Siegal, eds. Generation 1.5 Meets College Composition: Issues in the Teaching of Writing to U.S.-Educated Learners of ESL. Mahwah: Erlbaum, 1999. Print.

Hesford, Wendy, Eddie Singleton, and Ivonne M. García. “Laboring to Globalize a First-Year Writing Program.” The Writing Program Interrupted: Making Space for Critical Discourse. Ed. Donna Strickland and Jeanne Gunner. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook, 2009. 113–25. Print.

Higgins, Christine. “‘Ownership’ of English in the Outer Circle: An Alternative to the NS-NNS Di- chotomy.” TESOL Quarterly 37.4 (2003): 615–44. Print.

Horner, Bruce, and Min-Zhan Lu. “Resisting Monolingualism in ‘English’: Reading and Writing the Politics of Language.” Rethinking English in Schools: Towards a New and Constructive Stage. Ed. Viv Ellis, Carol Fox, and Brian Street. London: Continuum, 2007. 141–57. Print.

Horner, Bruce, Min-Zhan Lu, and Paul Kei Matsuda, eds. Cross-Language Relations in Composition. Car- bondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2010.  Print.

Horner, Bruce, and John Trimbur. “English Only and U.S. College Composition.” CCC 53.4 (2002): 594–630. Print.

House, Juliane. “English as a Lingua Franca: A Threat to Multilingualism?” Journal of Sociolinguistics 7.4 (2003): 556-78. Print.

Jenkins, Jennifer. “Current Perspectives on Teaching World Englishes and English as a Lingua Franca.” TESOL Quarterly 40.1 (2006): 157–81. Print.

---. English as a Lingua Franca: Attitude and Identity. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2007. Print.

---. World Englishes: A Resource Book for Students. London: Routledge, 2003. Print.

Kachru, Braj. The Alchemy of English: The Spread, Functions, and Models of Non-native Englishes. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1990. Print.

Kells, Michelle Hall, Valerie Balester, and Victor Villanueva, eds. Latino/a Discourses: On Language, Identity and Literacy Education. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook Heinemann, 2004. Print.

Khubchandani, Lachman M. “A Plurilingual Ethos: A Peep into the Sociology of  Language.”  Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics 24.1 (1998): 5–37. Print.

Kirklighter, Cristina, Diana Cárdenas, and Susan Wolff Murphy, eds. Teaching Writing with Latino/a Students: Lessons Learned at Hispanic-Serving Institutions. Albany: State U of New York P, 2007. Print.

Kramsch, Claire. “The Privilege of the Intercultural Speaker.” Language Learning in Intercultural Perspective: Approaches through Drama and Ethnography. Ed. Michael Byram and Michael Fleming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1998. 16–31. Print.

---. “The Traffic in Meaning.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 26.1 (2006): 99–104. Print.

Kubota, Ryuko. “Teaching World Englishes to Native Speakers of English in the USA.” World Englishes 20.1 (2001): 47–64. Print.

Lam, Wan Shun Eva. “L2 Literacy and the Design of the Self: A Case Study of a Teenager Writing on the Internet.” TESOL Quarterly 34.3 (2000): 457–82. Print.

Lees, Elaine O. “‘The Exceptable Way of the Society’: Stanley Fish’s Theory of Reading and the Task of the Teacher of Editing.” Reclaiming Pedagogy: The Rhetoric of the Classroom. Ed. Patricia Donahue and Ellen Quandahl. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1989. 144–63. Print.

Leung, Constant. “Convivial Communication: Recontextualizing Communicative Competence.” Inter- national Journal of Applied Linguistics 15.2 (2005): 119–44. Print.

Leung, Constant, Roxy Harris, and Ben Rampton. “The Idealised Native Speaker, Reified Ethnicities, and Classroom Realities.” TESOL Quarterly 31.3 (1997): 543–75. Print.

Lippi-Green, Rosina. English with an Accent: Language, Ideology and Discrimination in the United States. London: Routledge, 1997. Print.

Lu, Min-Zhan. “An Essay on the Work of Composition: Composing English against the Order of Fast Capitalism.” CCC 56.1 (2004): 16–50. Print.

---. “Professing Multiculturalism: The Politics of Style in the Contact Zone.” CCC 45.4 (1994): 442-58. Print.

Lunsford, Andrea A., and Lahoucine Ouzgane, eds. Crossing Borderlands: Composition and Postcolonial Studies. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2004. Print.

Lyons, Scott Richard. “Rhetorical Sovereignty: What Do American Indians Want from Writing?” CCC 51.3 (2000): 447–68. Print.

Makoni, Sinfree. “African Languages as European Scripts: The Shaping of Communal Memory.” Negotiat- ing the Past: The Making of Memory in South Africa. Ed. Sarah Nuttall and Carli Coetzee. Capetown: Oxford UP, 1998. 242–48. Print.

Makoni, Sinfree, and Alastair Pennycook, eds. Disinventing and Reconstituting Languages. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 2006. Print.

Matsuda, Paul Kei. “Composition Studies and ESL Writing: A Disciplinary Division of Labor.” CCC 50.4 (1999): 699–721. Print.

---. “Myth 8: International and U.S. Resident ESL Writers Cannot Be Taught in the Same Class.” Writing Myths: Applying Second Language Research to Classroom Teaching. Ed. Joy M. Reid. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2008. 159–76. Print.

Matsuda, Paul Kei, Maria Fruit, and Tamara Lee Burton Lamm, eds. Bridging the Disciplinary Divide: Integrating a Second-Language Perspective into Writing Programs. Spec. issue of WPA: Writing Program Administration  30.1–2  (2006). Print.

Matsuda, Paul Kei, Christina Ortmeier-Hooper, and Xiaoye You, eds. The Politics of Second Language Writing: In Search of the Promised Land. West Lafayette: Parlor, 2006. Print.

McKay, Sandra Lee. “Toward an Appropriate EIL Pedagogy: Re-Examining Common ELT Assump- tions.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics 13.1 (2003): 1–22. Print.

Milroy, James. “Language Ideologies and the Consequences of Standardization.” Journal of Sociolinguistics 5.4 (2001): 530–55. Print.

Modern Language Association Ad Hoc Committee on Foreign Languages. “Foreign Languages and Higher Education: New Structures for a Changed World.” Modern Language Association. MLA, 2007. Web. 28 Aug. 2009.

Mohan, Bernard, Constant Leung, and Christine Davison, eds. English as a Second Language in the Main- stream: Teaching, Learning, and Identity. Harlow: Longman, 2001. Print.

Muchiri, Mary N., Nshindi G. Mulamba, Greg Myers, and Deoscorous B. Ndoloi. “Importing Compo- sition: Teaching and Researching Academic Writing beyond North America.” CCC 46.2 (1995): 175–98. Print.

Mufwene, Salikoko. “What is African American English?” Sociocultural and Historical Contexts of African American English. Ed. Sonja Lanehart. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2001. 21–51. Print.

National Council of Teachers of English. Position Statement Prepared by the NCTE Committee on Issues in ESL and Bilingual Education. National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 1981; updated 2008. Web.  14  Aug. 2008.

---. Resolution on Developing and Maintaining Fluency in More Than One Language. National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 1997; updated 2008. Web. 21 June 2009.

---. Resolution on English as a Second Language and Bilingual Education. National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 1982; updated 2008. Web. 8 Aug. 2008.

---. Resolution on English as the “Official Language.” National Council of Teachers of English. NCTE, 1986; updated 2008. Web. 8 Aug. 2008.

Nayar, P. Bhaskaran. “ESL/EFL Dichotomy Today: Language Politics or Pragmatics?” TESOL Quarterly 31.1 (1997): 9–37. Print.

Nero, Shondel J., ed. Dialects, Englishes, Creoles, and Education. Mahwah: Erlbaum, 2006. Print.

---. Englishes in Contact: Anglophone Caribbean Students in an Urban College. Cresskill: Hampton, 2001.  Print.

Parakrama, Arjuna. De-Hegemonizing Language Standards: Learning from (Post)Colonial Englishes about “English.” Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995.  Print.

Parks, Steve. Class Politics: The Movement for the Students’ Right to Their Own Language. Urbana: NCTE, 2000.  Print.

Pennycook, Alastair. “English as a Language Always in Translation.” European Journal of English Studies 12.1 (2008): 33–47. Print.

---. Language as a Local Practice. Milton Park: Routledge, 2010. Print.

---. “Performativity and Language Studies.” Critical Inquiry in Language Studies 1.1 (2004): 1–19. Print.

Pratt, Mary Louise. “Linguistic Utopias.” The Linguistics of Writing: Arguments between Language and Lit- erature. Ed. Nigel Fabb, Derek Attridge, Alan Durant, and Colin MacCabe. New York: Methuen, 1987. 48–66. Print.

Ramanathan, Vaidehi. “Of Texts AND Translations AND Rhizomes: Postcolonial Anxieties AND Deracinations AND Knowledge Constructions.” Critical Inquiry in Language Studies 3.4 (2006): 223–44. Print.

Rampton, Ben. Crossing: Language and Ethnicity among Adolescents. 2nd ed. Manchester: St. Jerome, 2005. Print.

Rodby, Judith. Appropriating Literacy: Writing and Reading in English as a Second Language. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook,   1992.  Print.

Rose, Mike. Lives on the Boundary: A Moving Account of the Struggles and Achievements of America’s Educa- tionally Unprepared. New York: Penguin Books, 1989. Print.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones. Traces of a Stream: Literacy and Social Change among African American Women. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2000. Print.

---. “When the First Voice You Hear Is Not Your Own.” CCC 47.1 (1996): 29–40. Print.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones, and Ann Marie Mann Simpkins, eds. Calling Cards: Theory and Practice in the Study of Race, Gender, and Culture. Albany: State U of New York P, 2005. Print.

Rubdy, Rani, and Mario Saraceni, eds. English in the World: Global Rules, Global Roles. London: Continuum, 2006.  Print.

Schroeder, Christopher, Helen Fox, and Patricia Bizzell, eds. ALT/DIS: Alternative Discourses and the Academy. Portsmouth: Boynton/Cook Heinemann, 2002. Print.

Scott, Jerrie Cobb, Dolores Y. Straker, and Laurie Katz, eds. Affirming Students’ Right to Their Own Lan- guage: Bridging Language Policies and Pedagogical Practices. New York: Routledge/Urbana: NCTE, 2009.  Print.

Severino, Carol, Juan C. Guerra, and Johnnella E. Butler, eds. Writing in Multicultural Settings. New York: MLA, 1997. Print.

Silva, Tony, Ilona Leki, and Joan Carson. “Broadening the Perspective of Mainstream Composition Studies: Some Thoughts from the Disciplinary Margins.” Written Communication 14.3 (1997): 398–428. Print.

Singh, Rajendra, ed. The Native Speaker: Multilingual Perspectives. New Delhi: Sage, 1998. Print.

Smitherman, Geneva. “CCCC’s Role in the Struggle for Language Rights.” CCC 50.3 (1999): 349–76. Print.

---. Talkin that Talk: Language, Culture and Education in African America. London: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Smitherman, Geneva, and Victor Villanueva, eds. Language Diversity in the Classroom: From Intention to Practice. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2003. Print.

Travis, Peter W. “The English Department in the Globalized University.” ADE Bulletin 138-39 (2006): 51–56. Print.

Trimbur, John. “The Dartmouth Conference and the Geohistory of the Native Speaker.” College English 71.2 (2008): 142–69. Print.

Valdès, Guadalupe. “Bilingual Minorities and Language Issues in Writing: Toward Professionwide Responses to a New Challenge.” Written Communication 9.1 (1992): 85–136. Print.

Venuti, Lawrence. The Scandals of Translation: Towards an Ethic of Difference. London: Routledge, 1998. Print.

Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana: NCTE, 1993. Print. Widdowson, Henry G. “The Ownership of English.” TESOL Quarterly 28.2 (1994): 377–89. Print. Williams, Joseph M. “The Phenomenology of Error.” CCC 32.2 (1981): 152–68. Print.

Working English in Rhetoric and Composition: Global-local Contexts, Commitments, Consequences. Spec. issue cluster of JAC 29.1–2 (2009). Ed. Bruce Horner with Min-Zhan Lu, Samantha NeCamp, Brice Nordquist,  and  Vanessa  Kraemer  Sohan. Print.

You, Xiaoye. Writing in the Devil’s Tongue: A History of English Composition in China. Carbondale: Southern Illinois  UP,  2010. Print.

Young, Vershawn Ashanti. Your Average Nigga: Performing Race, Literacy, and Masculinity. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 2007. Print.

Zamel, Vivian. “Toward a Model of Transculturation.” TESOL Quarterly 31.2 (1997): 341–52. Print.

Zamel, Vivian, and Ruth Spack. “Teaching Multilingual Learners across the Curriculum: Beyond the ESOL Classroom and Back Again.” Journal of Basic Writing 25.2 (2006): 126–52. Print.

Zarate, Geneviève, Danielle Lévy, & Claire Kramsch, eds. Précis du Plurilinguisme et du Pluriculturalisme. Paris: Editions des archives contemporaines, 2008. Print.

Ready for a translingual classroom?